The perennially popular noontime conversation series Great Decisions returns to Portland State University January 19 - with another round of riveting discussions on the ideas, people, and issues changing the face of the globe. Can't make any of the 8-week series, not a problem - we'll be streaming it live.
January 19 | Russia’s Foreign Policy
Under President Vladimir Putin, Russia is projecting an autocratic model of governance abroad and working to undermine the influence of liberal democracies, namely along Russia’s historical borderlands. Russia caused an international uproar in 2016, when it interfered in the U.S. presidential contest. But Putin’s foreign policy toolkit includes other instruments, from alliances with autocrats to proxy wars with the U.S. in Georgia, Ukraine and Syria. How does Putin conceive of national interests, and why do Russian citizens support him? How should the United States respond to Putin’s foreign policy ambitions?
Speaker: Ambassador Kenneth J. Fairfax, U.S. Ambassador to Kazakhstan , former Director of Nuclear Materials Security at the US National Security Council
January 26 | The Waning of Pax Americana?
During the first months of Donald Trump’s presidency, the U.S. began a historic shift away from Pax Americana, the liberal international order that was established in the wake of World War II. Since 1945, Pax Americana has promised peaceful international relations and an open economy, buttressed by U.S. military power. In championing “America First” isolationism and protectionism, President Trump has shifted the political mood toward selective U.S. engagement, where foreign commitments are limited to areas of vital U.S. interest and economic nationalism is the order of the day. Geopolitical allies and challengers alike are paying close attention.
Speaker: Christopher McKnight Nichols, Director, OSU Center for the Humanities, Associate Professor, School of History, Philosophy, and Religion, Oregon State University
February 2 | U.S. Global Engagement & the Military
The global power balance is rapidly evolving, leaving the United States at a turning point with respect to its level of engagement and the role of its military. Some argue for an “America First” paradigm, with a large military to ensure security, while others call for a more assertive posture overseas. Some advocate for a restoration of American multilateral leadership and a strengthened role for diplomacy. Still others envision a restrained U.S. role, involving a more limited military. How does the military function in today’s international order, and how might it be balanced with diplomatic and foreign assistance capabilities?
Speaker: General Merrill A. McPeak, United States Air Force, (Ret.)
February 9 | Turkey: A Partner in Crisis
Of all NATO allies, Turkey represents the most daunting challenge for the Trump administration. In the wake of a failed military coup in July 2016, the autocratic trend in Ankara took a turn for the worse. One year on, an overwhelming majority of the population considers the United States to be their country’s greatest security threat. In this age of a worsening “clash of civilizations” between Islam and the West, even more important than its place on the map is what Turkey symbolically represents as the most institutionally Westernized Muslim country in the world.
Speaker: Birol Yesilada, Professor of Political Science and International Studies, Contemporary Turkish Studies Endowed Chair, Portland State University
February 16 | Media and Foreign Policy
State and non-state actors today must maneuver a complex and rapidly evolving media landscape. Conventional journalism now competes with user-generated content. Official channels of communication can be circumvented through social media. Foreign policy is tweeted from the White House and “fake news” has entered the zeitgeist. Cyberwarfare, hacking and misinformation pose complex security threats. How are actors using media to pursue and defend their interests in the international arena? What are the implications for U.S. policy?
Speaker: Alexis Wichowski, Adjunct Associate Professor of International and Public Affairs, Columbia University
February 23 | China & America: the New Geopolitical Equation
In the last 15 years, China has implemented a wide-ranging strategy of economic outreach and expansion of all its national capacities, including military and diplomatic capacities. Where the United States has taken a step back from multilateral trade agreements and discarded the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP), China has made inroads through efforts like the Belt and Road Initiative and the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB). What are Beijing’s geopolitical objectives? What leadership and political conditions in each society underlie growing Sino-American tensions? What policies might Washington adopt to address this circumstance?
Speaker: David W Kohl MIM, CGBP, Global Trade Liaison - Oregon SBDC Network Global Trade Center
March 2 | Global Health: Progress & Challenges
The collective action of countries, communities and organizations over the last 30 years has literally saved millions of lives around the world. Yet terrible inequalities in health and wellbeing persist. The world now faces a mix of old and new health challenges, including the preventable deaths of mothers and children, continuing epidemics of infectious diseases, and rising rates of chronic disease. We also remain vulnerable to the emergence of new and deadly pandemics. For these reasons, the next several decades will be just as important—if not more so—than the last in determining wellbeing across nations.
Speaker: Justin Denny, MD MPH, Associate Professor, Director of OHSU Global, Southeast Asia, Oregon Health & Science University
March 9 | South Africa’s Fragile Democracy
The African National Congress (ANC) party has governed South Africa since the end of apartheid in 1994. But the party today suffers from popular frustration over official corruption and economic stagnation. It faces growing threats from both left and right opposition parties, even as intraparty divisions surface. Given America’s history of opportunistic engagement with Africa, there are few prospects for a closer relationship between the two countries. Meanwhile, a weaker ANC could lead to political fragmentation in this relatively new democracy.
Speaker: Ambassador Eric Benjaminson (ret’d), Senior Adviser for Global Partnerships, Office of International Affairs, University of Oregon
All events take place Fridays at 12 p.m. at Portland State University, Academic and Student Recreation Center, Room 001, 1800 SW 6th Avenue, Portland, Oregon 97201.
This exciting 8-week program is $5 for WorldOregon Members; Admission to individual programs is $10 for nonmembers